On the Symbolism of Rain in A Farewell to Arms

  • Muhammad Rahman Lecturer in English, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University Sheringal, Dir Upper, Pakistan


This paper critically analyzes the symbolic use of rain in A Farewell to Arms (1929). The researcher has applied the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis as a research tool for the analysis of the text. This hypothesis argues that the languages spoken by a person determine how one observes this world and that the peculiarities encoded in each language are all different from one another. It affirms that speakers of different languages reflect the world in pretty different ways. Hemingway’s symbolic use of rain in A Farewell to Arms (1929) is denotative, connotative, and ironical. The narrator and protagonist, Frederick Henry symbolically embodies his own perceptions about the world around him. He time and again talks about rain when something embarrassing is about to ensue like disease, injury, arrest, retreat, defeat, escape, and even death. Secondly, Hemingway has connotatively used rain as a cleansing agent for washing the past memories out of his mind. Finally, the author has ironically used rain as a symbol when Henry insists on his love with Catherine Barkley while the latter being afraid of the rain finds herself dead in it.

UOCHJLL Volum 2 | Issue 2| 2018
How to Cite
RAHMAN, Muhammad. On the Symbolism of Rain in A Farewell to Arms. University of Chitral Journal of Linguistics & Literature, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, aug. 2020. ISSN 2663-1512. Available at: <http://jll.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/journal2/article/view/82>. Date accessed: 19 sep. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.33195/jll.v2i2.82.