Manto and Culture: An Exploration of Cultural Code in Manto’s “My Name is Radha”

  • Sardar Ali M.Phil. Scholar, Department of English, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan, KPK

Abstract

This study aims to explore Manto’s short story “My Name is Radha” from a cultural perspective. The purpose of the investigation is to bring the hidden meaning to the surface, which is there but not visible. Manto has used many political, religious, historical, and cultural references in the story, which are significant in the understanding of the researcher. These references have deflected the norms, values, and taboos of Indian society. These are investigated with the help of Barthes, cultural code. This code helps in cultural understanding of the story. The study finds that Manto has used many cultural elements in his text like, bhai, behan, Raksha Bandan, kurta, sari, and panjama. These words provide a vivid description of the Indian people, as well as their culture. Furthermore, this study discovers that Manto has used a unique codec language to portray the way of living of the Indian people. Sometimes he has spoken directly of the cultural taboos and sometimes he has spoken indirectly of the said. The study concludes that the writer has deflected the society through different cultural elements. And these elements help in the true understanding of the text.


Keywords: culture, Manto, norms, values, taboos, and Indian

References

Ahsan, S. (2020) A Comparative Study of Two Translations of Manto’s Short Story “Toba Tek Singh”. International Journal of English Language Studies (IJELS), 2(1):12-27

Ali, A. H., Naz, T., Aftab, H., & Danish, M. H. (2014). Effect of Women Representation in Lux Advertisement on Pakistani Women Identity. European Academic Research,14.

Barry, P. (2020). Beginning theory: An introduction to literary and cultural theory: Manchester University press.
Foster, R. (1975). Roland Barthes: S/Z (Book Review). Journal of European Studies, 5(4), 363.

Islam, A. U. (2018). A Feminist Reading of Select Short Stories of Guy De Maupassant and Sadat Hasan Manto (Doctoral dissertation, Aligarh Muslim University).

Jalil, R. (2012). Loving Progress, Liking Modernity, Hating Manto. Social Scientist, 40(11/12), 43-52.

Khan, M. H. (2020). Introduction: Literature and film: an alternative archive of the Partition of India Partition Literature and Cinema (pp. 1-17): Routledge India.

Namaste, K. (1994). The politics of inside/out: Queer theory, poststructuralism, and a sociological approach to sexuality. Sociological theory, 220-231.

Rosenfeld, S. A., & Rosenfeld, S. (2003). A revolution in language: The problem of signs in late eighteenth-century France: Stanford University Press.

Srivastava, S. (2018). Trauma and Bodies: A Study of ‘Traumatic Neurosis' in Saadat Hasan Manto's “Toba Tek Singh” and “The Return”. International Journal of Research in Social Sciences, 8(8), 453-463.
Published
2021-12-30
How to Cite
ALI, Sardar. Manto and Culture: An Exploration of Cultural Code in Manto’s “My Name is Radha”. University of Chitral Journal of Linguistics & Literature, [S.l.], v. 5, n. II, p. 79-88, dec. 2021. ISSN 2663-1512. Available at: <https://jll.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/journal10/article/view/328>. Date accessed: 19 jan. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.33195/jll.v5iII.328.