Metaphorical Representation of Men in Pakistani Fiction: A Study of Hamid’s Moth Smoke

  • Tehreem Ijaz NUML, Islamabad
  • Dr. Muhammad Yousaf NUML, Islamabad


The purpose of conducting this study is to investigate the conceptual metaphors used for men in Pakistani society and highlight the conceptualization of the male gender prevailing in Pakistan. I have used Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT) as the theoretical framework of this study and the method of Content Analysis has been followed in order to conduct this research work. The famous novel Moth Smoke by Mohsin Hamid serves as the sample of this research work for the reason that it has been written within the Pakistani context and therefore, is considered to be a good source of the required data. The obtained data shows that the male gender is held responsible for earning money and feeding the whole family. Moreover, they are at liberty to live independently and spend a self-centered life. The results of the present work may prove to be helpful for future researchers studying the role of conceptual metaphors in the conceptualization of gender prevailing in society as well as their significance in literature for representing gender.

Keywords: Conceptual Metaphor, Moth Smoke, Male Gender, Pakistani Society, Gender Roles


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How to Cite
IJAZ, Tehreem; YOUSAF, Dr. Muhammad. Metaphorical Representation of Men in Pakistani Fiction: A Study of Hamid’s Moth Smoke. University of Chitral Journal of Linguistics & Literature, [S.l.], v. 6, n. I, p. 103-120, mar. 2022. ISSN 2663-1512. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 mar. 2023. doi: