Metaphorical Representation of Men in Pakistani Fiction: A Study of Hamid’s Moth Smoke
The purpose of conducting this study is to investigate the conceptual metaphors used for men in Pakistani society and highlight the conceptualization of the male gender prevailing in Pakistan. I have used Conceptual Metaphor Theory (CMT) as the theoretical framework of this study and the method of Content Analysis has been followed in order to conduct this research work. The famous novel Moth Smoke by Mohsin Hamid serves as the sample of this research work for the reason that it has been written within the Pakistani context and therefore, is considered to be a good source of the required data. The obtained data shows that the male gender is held responsible for earning money and feeding the whole family. Moreover, they are at liberty to live independently and spend a self-centered life. The results of the present work may prove to be helpful for future researchers studying the role of conceptual metaphors in the conceptualization of gender prevailing in society as well as their significance in literature for representing gender.
Keywords: Conceptual Metaphor, Moth Smoke, Male Gender, Pakistani Society, Gender Roles
general business writing with teaching implications (Doctoral dissertation,
Indiana University of Pennsylvania).
Biography. (2015, October 10). Retrieved from http://www.imdb.com/name/nm4577066/bio
Du, P. (2015). Conceptualizing Emotions through Metaphors in Fortress
Besieged. International Journal of English Linguistics, 5(1), 53.
Johansen, T. A. B. (2007). What’s in a metaphor?: the use of political metaphors in
the Conservative and Labour parties.
Hamid, M. (2011). Moth smoke. London, England: Penguin.
Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (1980). Conceptual metaphor in everyday language. The
Journal of Philosophy, 77(8), 453-486.
Lakoff, G., & Johnson, M. (2003). Metaphors we live by. London: University of
Lakoff, G. (1993). The contemporary theory of metaphor. Metaphor and Thought, 202-251. doi:10.1017/cbo9781139173865.013
Lantolf, J. P., &Bobrova, L. (2012). Happiness is drinking beer: a cross‐cultural
analysis of multimodal metaphors in American and Ukrainian
commercials. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 22(1), 42-66.
Metaphor. (2015, October 15). In Oxford Living Dictionaries online. Retrieved from http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/english/metaphor
Mohsinhamid.com. (2015, December 10). Retrieved from http://www.mohsinhamid.com/about.html
Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary (7thed.). (n.d.).
WordPress.com. (2015, December 10). Retrieved from http://cruciformtheology.net/2013/01/22/classical-western-theory-of metaphor-aristotle/
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors are free to:
- Share — copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format
- Adapt — remix, transform, and build upon the material
- for any purpose, even commercially.