Semantic Deviations in The Three Strangers by Thomas Hardy

  • Syeda Mahnoor Saeed Lecturer, City University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar
  • Zulfiqar Ali, Dr. Associate Professor, City University of Science and Information Technology, Peshawar
  • Tariq Khan Assistant Professor, Department of English, University of Malakand


By far, human language is an effective means of communication, while linguistic choices assist in interpreting and understanding the meaning and message of the words used by the writers. In unison, linguistic deviation brings a telling diversity and evocative defamiliarisation to human interest. The present position paper attempts to analyze the semantic deviations in The Three Strangers, a short story by Thomas Hardy. Since figurative speech changes the meaning of an actual word. The present study will explain why writers opt for such deviations in writing. The data is examined through foregrounding theory, as Mukarovsky (1975) propounded. Thus, the present study aims to highlight and evaluate the semantic deviation (not confused with semantic evasion) in the selected sample. The study's findings and results reveal that the writer has employed the given stylistic technique in similes, metaphors, and personifications to help the reader have portrayed a vivid and vibrant visualization of the storyline. Further research on stylistic deviations such as phonetic (e.g., alliteration, rhyme), morphological (e.g., word formation), and grammatical (e.g., inversion, ellipsis) levels can be done.

Keywords: stylistics, linguistic deviations, linguistic choices, defamiliarisation   


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How to Cite
SAEED, Syeda Mahnoor; ALI, Zulfiqar; KHAN, Tariq. Semantic Deviations in The Three Strangers by Thomas Hardy. University of Chitral Journal of Linguistics & Literature, [S.l.], v. 6, n. I, p. 240-249, mar. 2022. ISSN 2663-1512. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 mar. 2023.