Factors Affecting English Speaking Skills: Evidence from Graduate Students in Rawalpindi

  • Hajra Arshad NUML, Islamabad
  • Dr. Ejaz Mirza NUML, Rawalpindi campus
  • Dr. Muhammad Farooq Alam

Abstract

The aim of this research was to find the factors affecting the speaking skills of graduate students. The study was conducted in the selected institutions of Rawalpindi and Islamabad. The study's objectives were to identify the factors affecting the speaking skills of graduate students and to analyze the students’ and teachers’ perceptions of the factors affecting speaking skills. The sample included 100 students from three institutions. Questionnaires were used to get the information from the graduate students studying English and the English teachers. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS) program. Analyzed data were presented descriptively using graphs. The study results show that students make errors when speaking English. Future researchers can conduct experimental research to find how different English language teaching methods help students acquire better English-speaking skills. 


Keywords: English speaking skills, ESL, English learning barriers, Graduate Classroom

References

Asher, J. J. (2003). Learning Another Language through Actions (6th edition). Los Gatos, CA: Sky Oaks.
Baker, J., &Westrup, H. (2000). The English language teacher’s handbook: How to
teachlarge classes with few resources. London: Continuum.
Gass, S. M., &Selinker, L. (2001). Second language acquisition: An introductory course
(2nd Ed.). Mahwah, NJ: Erlbaum.
Hughes, R. (2002). Teaching and researching speaking. New York: Pearson.
Igwe, I. O., Igu, N. C. N. & Ogba, F. N. (2014). Effects of instructional materials on students’ achievement in Social Studies in lower basic education in Nigeria. Proceedings of the International Conference on 21st Century Education at Dubai Knowledge Village, 2, 37-44.
Kenya Institute of Education (KIE) (2002).Teacher preparation guide for secondary
education curriculum.Kenya Institute of Education.
Kitheka, A.M. (2005). Factors contributing to students‟ poor performance in the Kenyan
Certificate of Secondary Education.Unpublished Master of Education Thesis, Kenyatta University. Retrieved from ir-library.ku.ac.ke/
Krashen, S. D. (1988). Second language acquisition and second language learning. New York: Prentice-Hall.
Littlewood, W. (2007). Communicative language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
Mang’eni, E. N. (2010). Learners verbal communication in English language during
classroom interaction in Londiani Division, Kipkelion District. Unpublished Master of Education Thesis, Kenyatta University.
Mazouzi, S. (2013).Analysis of some factors affecting learners’ oral performance.a
case study: 3rd year pupils of Menaa’s middle schools. M. A. Dissertation, Department of Foreign Languages, English Division, Faculty of Letters and Languages, Mohamed Khider University of Biskra, People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria
Mutai, B. K. (2006). How to write quality research proposal: a complete and simplified
recipe. New York: Talley.
Richards, J. C., & Rodgers, T. S. (2001).Approaches and methods in language teaching.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Thornbury, S. (2005).How to teach speaking. London: Longman.
Tuan, N. H., & Mai, T. N. (2015). Factors affecting students’ speaking performance at
LE ThanhHienhigh school.Asian Journal of Educational Research, 3(2), 8-23
Ur, P. (2000). A course in language teaching: Practice and theory. Cambridge University Press.
Published
2022-03-30
How to Cite
ARSHAD, Hajra; MIRZA, Dr. Ejaz; ALAM, Dr. Muhammad Farooq. Factors Affecting English Speaking Skills: Evidence from Graduate Students in Rawalpindi. University of Chitral Journal of Linguistics & Literature, [S.l.], v. 6, n. I, p. 269-285, mar. 2022. ISSN 2663-1512. Available at: <https://jll.uoch.edu.pk/index.php/journal10/article/view/417>. Date accessed: 26 nov. 2022.