Literary Representations of the Horrors and Brutalities of Armed Conflict: A Study of War Imagery in Khalid Hosseini’s A Thousand Splendid Suns

Authors

  • Zia Ur Rahman Ph.D. Scholar, Department of English Language and Literature University of Malakand Author
  • Aziz Ahmad Assistant Professor, Department of English Language and Literature University of Malakand Author
  • Abid Ali Khan M. Phil Scholar Department of English Language and Literature, University of Malakand Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33195/

Keywords:

War and Conflict, Alienation, Chaos, Afghani Fiction, War Horrors

Abstract

Afghanistan is known for its long history of war and conflict. Since the invasion of the Soviets, the country has been facing subsequent invasions from other powers as well as internal conflicts among different religious sects and political groups for gaining power. Due to this history of turmoil and conflicts, the people of Afghanistan were severely affected. Many of them were displaced and migrated to other countries while those who remained suffered from the horrors and brutalities of war. It also caused them great physical, economic, and mental losses. During this era of absurdity, mental depression, and chaos writers felt the urge to express new experiences and realities in new ways, and thus war became a dominant theme in the writings of many Afghan writers. One among such leading authors is Khalid Husseini who has realistically and boldly reflected the life of Afghans during wartime and brutal realities of war in his novels. The current study probes into the author’s dealing with the war subject through the use of imagery in his novel ‘A Thousand Splendid Suns’ published in 2007. The study's main objective is to highlight how imagery has been a useful tool in the hand of the novelist to depict the brutalities and horrors of war. For this purpose, a qualitative research approach is adopted, including an introspective and contrapuntal reading of different quotations and excerpts from the novel in light of the theoretical framework adopted by Cuddon (1994). The key findings of the study are that imagery has been a useful tool in the hands of the writer for revealing the horrors and brutalities of war such as; mental trauma and chaos of characters, the portrayal of War Driven Landscape, nostalgia for the lost Cultural Heritage, separation of the loved ones and disintegration of social fabrics and physical violence against the civilians.

References

Abrar, A. (2022). Khaled Hosseini's A Thousand Splendid Suns: A Saga of Unconventional Relationships. Motifs : A Peer Reviewed International Journal of English Studies, 8(1), 40-50. https://doi.org/10.5958/2454-1753.2022.00006.X

Ahmad, S. (2020). Reflections of the City of Kabul: Pre and Post-Taliban in Khaled Hosseini’s A Thousand Splendid Suns. BL College Journal, 2(2), 122-129.

Aruna, M., & Shalini, S. (2022). KHALED HOSSEINI’S A THOUSAND SPLENDID SUNS: INTERSECTIONS OF HISTORY, MEMORY AND CULTURE. Towards Excellence, 14(12). https://hrdc.gujaratuniversity.ac.in/Publication/article?id=10068

Azimova , M. ., & Egamberdiyeva , M. . (2022). THE MAIN IDEA OF THE NOVEL “A THOUSAND SPLENDID SUNS”. Общественные науки в современном мире: теоретические и практические исследования, 1(27), 48–52. извлечено от https://in-academy.uz/index.php/zdif/article/view/7320

Banu, S. S. (2016). Discrimination, War and Redemption in Khaled Hosseini’s The Kite Runner and A Thousand Splendid Suns. Language in India, 16(9), 180-193. www.languageinindia.com

Calloway, C. (2013). War in Literature and Drama. DOI:10.1093/obo/9780199791279-0004

Henston, L. S., D, & Neena , M., M (2021). The Interconnectedness of Trauma, Self-esteem and Helping Tendencies in Khaled Hossein’s A Thousand Splendid Suns. Journal of Emerging Technologies and Innovative Research (JETIR), 8(9), 9-13. www.jetir.org

Hosseini, K. (2008). A Thousand Splendid Suns. Bloomsbury Publishing PLC.

Jenifer, M. L., & Geetha, B. J. (2018). The Role of Trauma in A Thousand Splendid Suns by Khaled Hosseini. IJELLH (International Journal of English Language Literature and Humanities), 6(7), 141-146.

Kabeer, H., & Priyanka (2020). Afghan Minorities and Ethnic Tension inThe Kite Runner and A Thousand Splendid Suns. European Journal of Molecular & Clinical Medicine, 7(3), 1415-1425

Rabbani, F., & Chaudhury, T. A. (2018). The Silent Soldiers: A Postcolonial Feminist Study of Selina Hossain’s River of My Blood and Khaled Hosseini’s A Thousand Splendid Suns. ASIATIC, 12(1), 25-42.

Ranawat, H. S. (2023). Repressed state of Afghan women in Hosseini's A Thousand Splendid Suns. International Journal For Multidisciplinary Research, 5(3), 1-7. https://doi.org/gr97tp

Shihada, I. M. (2019). Revisiting Women Rights in Khaled Hosseini‟s A Thousand Splendid Suns. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENGLISH: LITERATURE, LANGUAGE & SKILLS, 7(4), 25-40. www.ijells.com

Souissi , R. (2015). Drawing the Human Face of a Homeland: A Reading of Khaled Hosseini’s Novels; The Kite Runner, A thousand Splendid Suns, and And the Mountains Echoed. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HUMANITIES AND CULTURAL STUDIES, 2(2), 491-496. http://ijhcschiefeditor.wix.com/ijhcs

Stuhr, R. A. (2011). A Thousand Splendid Suns: Sanctuary and Resistance. Retrieved from https://repository.upenn.edu/library_papers/79

Spirovska, E. (2020). Memories and stories of returning home in Khaled Hosseini's novels The Kite Runner, And The Mountains Echoed, A Thousand Splendid Suns. Folia Linguistica et Litteraria, (31), 27-37. https://folia.ac.me/

Thakur, S., & Aggarwal, J. (2016). Displacement and Cultural Alienation: The Psychological Trajectories of the Protagonists in A Thousand Splendid Suns. The Criterion: An International Journal In English, 4(7), 184-191.

Tripathy, & Nirjharini. (2018). War and Women: Enslavement and Emancipation: New Afghan Women in Khaleid Hosseini's A Thousand Splendid Suns. International Journal on Multicultural Literature, 8(1), 53-60.

YASMIN, F. (2020). KHALED HOSSEINI’S A THOUSAND SPLENDID SUNS: A SAGA OF AFGHANISTAN. Research Journal of English Language and Literature (RJELAL), 8(3), 381-390. http://www.rjelal.com

ZUBAIR, A. (2021). AFGHANISTAN: HISTORY, CULTURE, AND TRADITION IN A THOUSAND SPLENDID SUNS. Research Journal of English Language and Literature (RJELAL), 9(3), 198-204. ttp://www.rjelal.com

Downloads

Published

03/30/2024

How to Cite

Zia Ur Rahman, Aziz Ahmad, & Abid Ali Khan. (2024). Literary Representations of the Horrors and Brutalities of Armed Conflict: A Study of War Imagery in Khalid Hosseini’s A Thousand Splendid Suns. University of Chitral Journal of Linguistics and Literature, 8(I), 103-111. https://doi.org/10.33195/

Similar Articles

1-10 of 46

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.