Politics of Language in George Orwell’s Animal Farm

Authors

  • Ahmed Jalal Department of English, Edwardes College, Peshawar Author
  • Syed Hanif Rasool Department of English, Khushal Khan Khattak University, Karak, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33195/06n06c27

Keywords:

Animal Form, Aristotle’s model of rhetoric modes of persuasion, politics of language

Abstract

Animal Farm has been analyzed by numerous researchers from different perspectives, such as hegemony, political allegory, historicism, and symbolism. However, the linguistic aspect, especially the rhetorical features, of the novel has hitherto remained unexplored. The current study hypothesizes that rhetoric is an important aspect of Animal Farm. Using Aristotle's classical model of rhetoric as a tool of analysis on the pigs' discourse in Animal Farm, considering the three types of rhetoric i.e. Forensic, Deliberative and Epideictic, and the three modes of persuasion i.e. Logos, Ethos and Pathos, the study explores the strength and intelligibility of the pigs' complex discourse. Foregrounding the aforementioned mechanism of persuasion operational in the speech and act of the novel, particularly in the language of Major and Squealer, the study argues that politics of language can be seen as the most powerful means of acquiring and sustaining dominance. Highlighting the pigs' intricate discourse, the study concludes that revolution on the animal farm is the result of ingeniously crafted powerful rhetoric of the pigs appealing to both rational and emotional faculties of the animals and thereby directing them on the desired course.

Keywords: Animal Farm, Aristotle’s model of rhetoric modes of persuasion, politics of language 

References

Aristotle. The Art of Rhetoric. London, New York: William Heinemann, G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1926.

Basoy, Didem. George Orwell’s Animal Farm as a Political Satire. (1996). SCRIBD. Retrieved August 17, 2023, from https://www.scribd.com/document/488335569/1584377822-pdf#

Corbell, E.P.J. Classical Rhetoric for Modern Students. 1971.

Davis, Hazel K. Animal Farm . Stewart, Ohio, 1963.

George Orwell: A Life in Letters by. New York, London: Liveright Publishing Corporation , 2013.

Orwell, George. Animal Farm. Fingerprint Classics, 2016.

Pearce, Robert. “Orwell and Tolstoy.” Bloom’s Guides: Animal Farm, edited by Harold Bloom, Chelsea House Publishers, 2006, 55-57.

Ridenour, Louis M. "Allegory with Goose Pimples." The Saturday Review (August 25, 1946): 10.

Roden, John. Understanding Animal Farm: A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources and Historical Documents. London: The Greenwood Press Westport, 1999.

Nawaz, Sana, T. Rao, and F. Afzal. "Allegory and satire in Animal Farm by George Orwell." International Journal of Academic Research and Reflection (2005).

Orwell, George. Why I Write. London: Gangrel, 1946.

Wilson, Edmund. “Effectiveness of the Animal Fable.” Bloom’s Guides: Animal Farm, edited by Harold Bloom, Chelsea House Publishers, 2006, 51-52.

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Published

2023-07-03

How to Cite

Ahmed Jalal, & Syed Hanif Rasool. (2023). Politics of Language in George Orwell’s Animal Farm. University of Chitral Journal of Linguistics and Literature, 7(I), 95-103. https://doi.org/10.33195/06n06c27

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