Jokes are not Innocent: Representation of Punjabis in Pashto Jokes

Authors

  • Muhammad Waqar Ali Islamia College Peshawar Author

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.33195/ewt7na36

Keywords:

jokes, Punjabis, Althusser, Ideological state apparatuses, Pakhtuns

Abstract

In this paper, the researcher analysed racist or ethnic jokes as a genre of discourse
to investigate the issue of representation of Punjabis in Pashto jokes. The emphasis
of the paper was on understanding stereotypes and symbols associated with the
representation of Punjabis in Pashto jokes. The data for the study comprised oral
jokes of Pakhtuns from Peshawar. The researcher followed John stone (2008) and
Linde (1993) for discourse analysis of the jokes. Further, the researcherfollowed
Althusser (1971) as theoretical framework to explain the reason(s) behind the way
Pakhtuns present Punjabis in their jokes. At the end, the researcher concluded that
ideology through cultural Ideological State Apparatus interpellates (i.e. calls out or
hails) Pakhtuns as subjects.

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Published

06/30/2018

How to Cite

Muhammad Waqar Ali. (2018). Jokes are not Innocent: Representation of Punjabis in Pashto Jokes. University of Chitral Journal of Linguistics and Literature, 2(I), 55-63. https://doi.org/10.33195/ewt7na36

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